Semolina is the purified milling of durum wheat. Semolina is a diminutive of the Italian word "semola," which is derived from the ancient Latin simila meaning "flour."
Moretti's Semola di Grano Duro is made in the family's state-of-the-art modern milling plant in Bergamo where wheat kernels are turned into flour by a process that employs grooved steel rollers. The rollers flake off the bran and germ while the starch (endosperm) is cracked into coarse pieces. Through sifting, these endosperm particles are separated from the bran: this is semolina. Semolina made from durum wheat is yellow in color and high in gluten.
Semolina is often used as the base for dried products such pasta, couscous, breads, baked goods, and pastries.